Leave a reply Lucius Cornelius Sulla was an enigmatic man who forced himself on the political landscape. He was as brutal as he was determined, who changed the Roman Republican constitution with his conservative objectives to prevent the reoccurrence of various phenomena that had been troubling the administration in recent years.
When he returned in 83 BC from a successful eastern campaign, he had no political power beyond that which a man at the head of a trained army of veterans could command.
This, however, gave him a more than adequate means of capturing Rome in the face of the nominally more constitutional opposition raised by the consuls, Gnaeus Papirius Carbo d. This accomplished, Sulla had himself appointed not consul, but dictator.
In this capacity his first act was to rid himself of all political and personal opposition, using the novel method of proscription - the posting up of lists of undesirable characters whom anyone was now at liberty to assassinate, and for a reward.
For a start, he pronounced sentence of death on forty senators and knights. Other deaths, expulsions, and confiscations of property followed. Mid-first-century BC bust, believed to be that of Sulla.
Barbara McManus Sulla then reorganized the constitution to put power effectively back into the hands of the upper classes.
He virtually nullified the traditional influence of the tribunes of the people.
He doubled the membership of the senate by admitting some three hundred knights and selected Italian holders of office in outlying municipalities. He also made the holding of a quaestorship an automatic qualification for membership of the senate, and raised the number of quaestors to twenty.
This, together with the re-application of the statutory ten-year gap between holding the same office, and the introduction of a new regulation that two years had to elapse between the holding of one office and election to the one above it, meant that there were now more junior state officials seeking fewer senior posts, and having to wait longer for them.
As the competition grew, the ambitious were prepared to resort to unconstitutional means to achieve their aims. He established new courts to deal with specific offences, and crystallized the distinctions between civil and criminal law, though he removed the right of anyone except a senior senator to adjudicate in law suits.
After three years of a reversion to what constituted an absolute monarchy, Sulla retired in 79 BC to his estate at Puteoli, there to write his memoirs. He died not much more than a year later, of phthiriasis. It was the end of an era, even though technically the republic had some fifty years to run.
Barbara McManus Overview of this page [Ref 2. His proscriptions initiate a reign of terror.
His reforms restore power to the senatorial class, but his successors learn from his methods. After three years he resigns and soon dies unpleasantly. End of Chapter 2 - The Roman Republic Many of the illustrations can be enlarged by clicking on the appropriate image in Gallery 2.Sulla, who opposed the Gracchian popularis reforms, was an optimate; though his coming to the side of the traditional Senate originally could be described as more reactionary when dealing with the Tribunate and legislative bodies, while more visionary when reforming the court system, governorships and membership of the Senate.
The fact that Sulla's reforms could be undone demonstrates that they were not effective. I mentioned I was relying heavily on Flower's The Roman Republics. Hers is I think the most recent take on Sulla's constitutional reforms.
The constitutional reforms of Lucius Cornelius Sulla were a series of laws enacted by the Roman Dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla between 82 and 80 BC, which reformed the Constitution of the Roman Republic. SULLA ( BC) & HIS CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla (later surnamed Felix) came from a good family of moderate means. When he returned in 83 BC from a successful eastern campaign, he had no political power beyond that which a man at the head of a trained army of veterans could command.
The constitutional reforms of Lucius Cornelius Sulla were a series of laws enacted by the Roman Dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla between 82 and 80 BC, which reformed the Constitution of the Roman Republic.
In the decades before Sulla had become dictator. Dec 29, · AlyceRethmann studying history juggling the everyday A short essay on the life and reforms of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Leave a reply.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla was an enigmatic man who forced himself on the political landscape. He was as brutal as he was determined, who changed the Roman Republican constitution with his conservative.