In particular, problem-solving, collaboration, communication, and critical-thinking skills are interwoven into the standards" About the Standards, FAQ section. What are the most effective approaches to reading instruction? According to Sally Shaywitz and Bennett Shaywitz"Effective reading instruction and intervention programs provide children with systemic instruction in each of the five crucial components of reading," which are phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension strategies p.
That said, teachers can: Develop descriptive writing skill through modeling and the sharing of quality literature full of descriptive writing.
Include lessons such as the ones listed below throughout the year. Characteristics of descriptive writing 1. Descriptive writing may also paint pictures of the feelings the person, place or thing invokes in the writer.
In the video section below, watch a teacher use a Five Senses Graphic Organizer as a planning strategy for descriptive writing. Raft writing prompts social studies descriptive writing uses precise language.
General adjectives, nouns, and passive verbs do not have a place in good descriptive writing. Good descriptive writing is organized.
Some ways to organize descriptive writing include: When describing a person, you might begin with a physical description, followed by how that person thinks, feels and acts. However, elementary teachers can modify the Show-Me sentences to make them interesting for younger students.
Teacher Laura Torres created a lesson plan that uses images to jumpstart vivid writing: Three Descriptive Writing Picture Prompts. Five Senses Graphic Organizer Students use their five senses and a graphic organizer to brainstorm ideas for writing a report on a recent school event and to help them think about interesting words to include in their report.
See the lesson plan. This video is published with permission from the Balanced Literacy Diet. See related how-to videos with lesson plans in the Writing Processes and Strategies section. See related how-to videos with lesson plans in the Text Structures and Genres and Writing Processes and Strategies sections.
Writing and mathematics are similar in that they both require gathering, organizing, and clarifying thoughts. Writing can assist math instruction by helping children make sense of mathematics and by helping teachers understand what children are learning.
Science Writing in science gives students an opportunity to describe observations and scientific phenomena, and can help them comprehend new material by having to explain it in their own words.
Fazio and Gallagher propose two instructional strategies to assist teachers and student when writing in science: Social Studies In social studies, descriptive writing can help students describe an important historical figure or event more clearly.
Writing rich in detail will create vivid depictions of people and places and help make history come alive. The Writing Fix offers guidance for building a RAFT writing prompt that challenges students to think deeply about history.
Differentiated instruction for second language learners, students of varying reading skill, and for younger learners Use dictation as a way to help capture students thoughts and ideas Provide budding writers with experiences that give them something to write about.
Trips to the park, post office, and grocery store provide real-life experiences that can be recorded by a new writer. Encourage students to work with a buddy or in a small group to develop first drafts of documents Provide a word bank of interesting and descriptive words for students to incorporate into their writing.
See the research that supports this strategy Akerson, V. Science and Children, 43 3 A method to encourage science writing in upper elementary grades.
Science and Children, 42 3, Writing to learn across the curriculum and the English teacher. English Journal, 85, Creating independence through student-owned strategies: Philemon Sturges Age Level: Beginning Reader In this spin-off off from the traditional tale, the indomitable bread-making Little Red Hen makes pizza.
Make the pizza, its maker, and the ingredients irresistible in your description.
Compare it to a time-honored version. Read a Rhyme, Write a Rhyme By: Jack Prelutsky Age Level:Lynne Becker: Lynne Becker served as Kintera’s Vice President and General Manager of the health and social services sector leading a vertical group of services for a variety of clients including foundations, social agencies, and international organizations.
Writing Across the Curriculum: R.A.F.T. Prompts using RAFT assignments to teach perspective and to make writing tasks more authentic.
Writing: An Important Element in Learning Social Studies Teachers of social studies are faced with the task of assisting students in the acquisition of important knowledge, concepts, and skills. Almost all RAFTs writing assignments are written from a viewpoint different from the student's, to another audience rather than the teacher, and in a form different from the ordinary theme.
RAFT Examples for Social Studies Role Audience Format Topic Sacajawea . General Resources Science Notebooks KThis site offers the basic information about using notebooks in the science classroom along with a wealth of resources to help you make the most of them, such as a database of student work samples and lots of tips in the Frequently Asked Questions area.
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