The Himalayas are a prime example of how tectonic plate motion can manipulate the earth in extraordinary ways. These colliding plates resulted in the formation of the highest mountain range on the planet. These plates collide with and separate from each other at different rates determined by a process known as convection.
Formerly, they were described in the singular as the "Himalaya".
Geography and key features[ edit ] Himalayas formation also: List of Himalayan peaks and passes In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the m peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepalseparated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
The gorge splits the Himalayas into Western and Eastern sections both ecologically and orographically — the pass at the head of the Kali Gandaki, the Kora La is the lowest point on the ridgeline between Everest and K2. To the south of these lies Kathmanduthe capital of Nepal and the largest city in the Himalayas.
Cho OyuEverestLhotse and Makalu. The Khumbu region, popular for trekking, is found here on the south-western approaches to Everest. The Arun river drains the northern slopes of these mountains, before turning south and flowing through the range to the east of Makalu.
Himalayas formation eastern side of Kanchenjunga is in the Indian state of Sikkim. Formerly an independent Kingdom, it lies on the main route from India to LhasaTibet, which passes over the Nathu La pass into Tibet. East of Sikkim lies the ancient Buddhist Kingdom of Bhutan. The highest mountain in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensumwhich is also a strong candidate for the highest unclimbed mountain in the world.
The Himalayas here are becoming increasingly rugged with heavily forested steep valleys. The Himalayas continue, turning slightly northeast, through the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh as well as Tibet, before reaching their easterly conclusion in the peak of Namche Barwasituated in Tibet inside the great bend of the Yarlang Tsangpo river.
On the other side of the Tsangpo, to the east, are the Kangri Garpo mountains. The high mountains to the north of the Tsangpo including Gyala Perihowever, are also sometimes also included in the Himalayas. Going west from Dhaulagiri, Western Nepal is somewhat remote and lacks major high mountains, but is home to Rara Lakethe largest lake in Nepal.
The Karnali River rises in Tibet but cuts through the center of the region. Further west, the border with India follows the Sarda River and provides a trade route into China, where on the Tibetan plateau lies the high peak of Gurla Mandhata.
Just across Lake Manasarovar from this lies the sacred Mount Kailashwhich stands close to the source of the four main rivers of Himalayas and is revered in Hinduism, Buddhism, Sufism, Jainism, and Bonpo.
The state is also an important pilgrimage destination, with the source of the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotriand the temples at Badrinath and Kedarnath.
Panoramic view of Langtang Range in Nepal The next Himalayan Indian state, Himachal Pradeshlacks very high mountains, but is noted for its hill stations, particularly Shimlathe summer capital of the British Rajand Dharmasalathe centre of the Tibetan community in exile in India.
This area marks the start of the Punjab Himalaya and the Sutlej riverthe most easterly of the five tributaries of the Induscuts through the range here. Beyond lies the renown Kashmir Valley and the town and lakes of Srinagar. Geology[ edit ] The 6,kilometre-plus journey of the India landmass Indian Plate before its collision with Asia Eurasian Plate about 40 to 50 million years ago  Main article: Geology of the Himalaya The Himalayan range is one of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and consists mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rock.
According to the modern theory of plate tectonicsits formation is a result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. About 50 million years ago this fast moving Indo-Australian Plate had completely closed the Tethys Oceanthe existence of which has been determined by sedimentary rocks settled on the ocean floor and the volcanoes that fringed its edges.Himalayas, Nepali Himalaya, great mountain system of Asia forming a barrier between the Plateau of Tibet to the north and the alluvial plains of the Indian subcontinent to the south.
The Himalayas include the highest mountains in the world, with more than peaks rising to elevations of 24, feet (7, metres) or more above sea level. How Were the Himalaya Mountains Formed? The Himalaya Mountains were formed from a collision of tectonic plates.
The mountain formation primarily occurred in three phases that began about 50 million to 70 million years ago and most recently occurred about , years ago. Nov 06, · I joined Maker Studios & so can you! Click here to see if your channel qualifies for RPM Network/Maker Studios benjaminpohle.com This short .
The Himalayas are still rising by more than 1 cm per year as India continues to move northwards into Asia, which explains the occurrence of shallow focus earthquakes in the region today. However the forces of weathering and erosion are lowering the Himalayas at about the same rate.
The Himalayas, which stretch some 2, kilometres between India, Pakistan, China, and Nepal, is the world’s tallest mountain range. In addition to Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain by peak elevation standing at 8, meters tall, the range also features .
Formation of the Himalayas. Geologically, the origin of the Himalayas is the impact of the Indian tectonic benjaminpohle.com travels northward at 15 cm per year, and joined the Eurasian continent about million years ago.