Mind and Body Problem: From Plato to Sadra via Descartes Authors s:
On the Soul For some reason I am still interested in the words that for millennia had been as common and clear-cut terms of everyday speech as horse, bread, and fire, before they retired to theology and philosophy. If we use them, they mean something. As if the subject of fate was not enough Essay 36, On FatalismI am picking up another phantom from the same Addams family.
The soul is so vague a concept, spread over so many meanings, that it seems just a figure of speech, even in religious context. Hard science has neither interest in the soul nor a place for it.
Only in popular discourses on Artificial Intelligence AI and in related journalism the word is sometimes used as a shortcut to the property of being recognized by other humans as human. Traditionally, the soul was the term for what distinguished the human from the plant, animal, machine, and thing.
The so-called strong AI extends the privilege to advanced machines, which could be built in the future. The over fifty year old debate around the question whether machines can have mind and soul is still smoldering.
Hofstadter and Daniel C. Bantam Books, was a landmark anthology of science and fiction views on the subject. Can we distinguish between a real thing and its exact simulation, or, as Douglas Hofstadter commented on a sci-fi story, "what is the difference between a simulated song and a real song?
Can an artificial person be created? Could we treat it is equal? Will it have a soul? The discussion on the ultimate possibilities of artificial intelligence in reproducing human nature is over half a century old. In the enormous literature, a few sources have the word soul in the title, others in the text.
The sci-fi movies, like the film AI by Steven Spielberg, carry the banner on. The witty shortcut sci-phi J. Casnig; now at http: Mental constructs, however, can be tested by logic.
The arguments are about axioms and terms. The volcanic activity in sci-phi testifies that our understanding of such old words as life and mind changes: History stores the record of our changing attitude toward "the savages," first hunted like animals and brought as zoo exhibits to Europe, later hunted for domestication as slaves, but then moved to freedom through the Underground Railroad and later elected to US Congress.
Each time I see a movie about "primitive cultures," and especially about the first contacts with remote tribes, I cannot notice anything that would suggest any inborn divide between them and us.
It was religion that first recognized the human soul in them, paradoxically, judging by the appearance and Natural Intelligence and not by culture. Similarly, our attitude toward our electronic creations of a very different appearance may change with time, as it has been changing regarding the whales and elephants that have a civilizing influence on us.
I am circumventing the discussions around Artificial Intelligence here not only because the debating sides do not give a definition of the soul.Plato's Concept of the Body and Soul Distinction A:Plato believed that humans could be broken down into 3 parts: the body, the mind and the soul.
The body is the physical part of the body that is only concerned with the material world, and through which we are able to experience the world we live in. it wants to experience self-gratification. Being in this class has helped me realize that my health, as well as others’ health, is very important.
The past five weeks I have been recording my habits to see what was necessary to change. Mind. The journey, not the arrival, matters. For thousands of years now, the human body is believed to be consisting of two main entities: the body and the soul.
Several beliefs and opinion have have been written, spoken and shown regarding the existence of a soul. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE IN Soul.
SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR. Through the examination of identical, cloned, and conjoined twins, the mind, body, and soul have been revealed as essential elements of individual identity. The mind is capable of creating self-narratives, the body has unique genetic characteristics, and the soul bring unity to the individuals' being.
(Note: the above section on powers of consciousness is adapted and excerpted from my larger essay on Consciousness, posted at the Science & Spirituality section of this website; see that original article for more anomalies and for endnote references.) Beyond the changeable dynamics and manifestations of body-mind-soul is changeless Spirit.
Feb 06, · Mind,Body & Soul Chayanka Mohan Philosophy 03/22/12 Word conceive: The three types of attend-body theories argon Idealism, Materialism and Dualism.
Idealism is the theory that everything in the worldly concern is minds or else ideas in minds.