Such a comment is hardly profound, but beneath the surface this statement contains much that is not obvious. What is mental suffering?
Did soldiers of the American Civil War suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder and other psychological disorders? It has only been several decades since mental illness attributed to war conditions was clinically recognized.
Recent research has shown a strong positive correlation between war time events such as witnessing the death of comrades, friendly fire or IED explosions and post-traumatic stress disorder. There is a strong relationship between attributing events during the Civil War and psychological affects; for instance revolutionary weaponry developments, medical procedures, psychological warfare, and hand to hand combat could have invoked psychological ailments.
Data compiled from diaries and letters will affirm the presence of psychological disorders in soldiers who fought in the war. From this body of evidence, it is clear that soldiers of the American Civil War did indeed suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder and other psychological disorders.
Soldiers facing death, Photo: Library of Congress The most common disorder that results from exposure to combat is called post-traumatic stress disorder or more commonly known as PTSD.
The symptoms include the experience of actual harm or threats to be harmed physically and or emotionally, intrusive symptoms that include flashbacks, disturbing dreams or memories, negative changes in cognition, the avoidance of stimuli associated with the event and changes in arousal levels.
In order for there to be a diagnosis, symptoms must be present for over a month and the level of stress has to be significant enough where everyday activities are negatively affected. This is a neurological disorder that inhibits cognitive functioning as a result of an injury to the head.
Symptoms include moderate to severe amnesia, headaches, changes in personality and accumulating more sleep than normal. General Anxiety Disorder and Depression are both common psychological disorders that plague many veterans today.
Soldiers who experience traumatic events, such as the death of a comrade or innocent civilians, may experience depression as a result.
It is logical that countless men of the Civil War era may have suffered from depression or general anxiety disorder. Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics depicted the emotions and fears soldiers felt while in combat. The Greek historian Herodotus wrote, in B.
C, of a Spartan soldier who was taken off the front lines due to his trembling and later took his own life in shame. The Great War had some of the worst casualties in human history as a result of revolutionary weaponry that redefined warfare.
The psychological effects of this war were often seen in the returning veterans as many experienced involuntary ticks and shook unaccountably. While not to the extent of the First World War, The Civil War had revolutionary weapon and technological developments that negatively affected soldiers physically and mentally.
This included the Minie Ball, a cylinder shape bullet that was more aerodynamic, making it more precise and effective.
Instead of a round bullet that would break the bone, the Minie Ball would completely shatter it. For the first time in human history, mankind would not have to rely on horses or their own two feet to transport them. This drastically changed warfare by allowing supplies and troops to move into the most remote areas at record speeds.
This meant that more soldiers were exposed to significantly more carnage than past wars. A soldier was no longer confined to a specific geographical location allowing them to fight in more battles.
Witnessing this novel amount of gore would have been a severe trauma that could have produced anxiety and other psychological symptoms associated with PTSD. Wounded soldiers in a Union hospital Photo of Library of Congress The Civil War is unique in that it took place during a time of great weaponry and technological developments but it was only decades shy of medical advancements that could have saved countless lives.
Disease rather than bullets proved to be a significant factor in the death toll of the Civil War. For every one death in combat, there were two deaths caused by disease.
The lifesaving technique of sterilization was a foreign concept to Civil War physicians and as a result thousands of soldiers succumbed to infections. On a daily basis, medical teams witnessed horrific wounds, ghastly amputations and men succumbing to their injuries and illnesses.
Procedures and surgeries performed by army surgeons and physicians also left Civil War veterans literally scarred for life.
The survival rate for a man going into surgery was roughly eighty percent depending on the location of the wound. The fatality rate was directly related to the proximity of the injury to the core of the body.
Though the fear of having to endure surgery invoked great anxiety, the fear of life after surgery was an even greater anxiety to face.
In a society that relied on physical labor for maintaining a livelihood, living without a limb meant a lifetime of unemployment. Farmers, mill workers, railroad workers or dock workers were all required to be physically able to complete the tasks required of them.
An amputee could not continue working in the physical labor market. To make matters worse, majority of the men who fought in the Civil War were from lower economic classes.
The socioeconomic status of an amputee would have been lowest amongst the ranks partly because there would be very few jobs that could accommodate their special needs. The anticipation of failure to provide for themselves and their families conjured major stress and anxiety.
The biological needs of humans are crucial for both physical and mental health.An escalating global trade war stoked by the actions of the Trump administration has been largely responsible for stock market volatility in recent weeks. A group of investors once left for dead. Yet if your stress response doesn’t stop firing, and these stress levels stay elevated far longer than is necessary for survival, it can take a toll on your health.
Did soldiers in the American Civil War suffer from psychological effects and disorders?
Through revolutionary weaponry developments, horrific medical procedures, psychological warfare, and the great deal of ferocious hand to hand combat, there appears to be a great deal of evidence for psychological effects in civil war soldiers.
# 19 Healing from Trauma benjaminpohle.com Healing From the Effects of Trauma Trauma is a side-effect of experienced events that happen to us which are beyond our.
Our website is the source for the latest security and strategic research from the military's link to the academic community. The Strategic Studies Institute is the War .
The poet briefly describes the state of mind of a soldier on returning from a war.
War is a manifestation of death and destruction. It is an exhibit of all the negativities of life. A war is the result of the lack of peace and ends in leaving no one happy. Wars deeply impact all the nations involved in it.