His mother, who was deaf, was a musician and a painter of portraits. His father, who taught deaf people how to speak, invented "Visible Speech". This was a code which showed how the tongue, lips, and throat were positioned to make speech sounds. Graham, or "Aleck", as his family called him, was interested in working with the deaf throughout his life.
Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell, each independently, designed devices that could transmit speech electrically. Mabel had become deaf at age five as a result of a near-fatal bout of scarlet fever.
Bell began working with her inwhen she was 15 years old. Despite a year age difference, they fell in love and were married on July 11, They had four children, Elsie —Marian —and two sons who died in infancy. In Joseph Stearns had invented the duplex, a system that transmitted two messages simultaneously over a single wire.
Inventors then sought methods that could send more than four; some, including Bell and his great rival Elisha Graydeveloped designs capable of subdividing a telegraph line into 10 or more channels.
These so-called harmonic telegraphs used reeds or tuning forks that responded to specific acoustic frequencies. They worked well in the laboratory but proved unreliable in service. A group of investors led by Gardiner Hubbard wanted to establish a federally chartered telegraph company to compete with Western Union by contracting with the Post Office to send low-cost telegrams.
Bell, however, was more interested in transmitting the human voice. Finally, he and Hubbard worked out an agreement that Bell would devote most of his time to the harmonic telegraph but would continue developing his telephone concept.
From harmonic telegraphs transmitting musical tones, it was a short conceptual step for both Bell and Gray to transmit the human voice. Bell filed a patent describing his method of transmitting sounds on February 14,just hours before Gray filed a caveat a statement of concept on a similar method.
On March 7,the Patent Office awarded Bell what is said to be one of the most-valuable patents in history. It is most likely that both Bell and Gray independently devised their telephone designs as an outgrowth of their work on harmonic telegraphy.
However, the question of priority of invention between the two has been controversial from the very beginning. He filed the patent for his telephone at the U. Patent Office on February 14, —just two hours before a rival, Elisha Gray, filed a declaration of intent to file a patent for a similar device.
Watson describing invention of the telephoneThomas A.
Watson, assistant to Alexander Graham Bell, discussing the birth of the telephone, including the first words spoken. He first produced intelligible speech on March 10,when he summoned his laboratory assistant, Thomas A. Watson—come here—I want to see you. In August of that year, he was on the receiving end of the first one-way long-distance call, transmitted from Brantford to nearby Paris, Ontario, over a telegraph wire.
Bell, Alexander GrahamAlexander Graham Bell, inventor who patented the telephone inlecturing at Salem, Massachusetts topwhile friends in his study at Boston listen to his lecture via telephone, February 12, Although his invention rendered him independently wealthy, he sold off most of his stock holdings in the company early and did not profit as much as he might have had he retained his shares.
Thus, by the mids his role in the telephone industry was marginal. Alexander Graham Bell, who patented the telephone ininaugurating the 1,km mile telephone link between New York City and Chicago on October 18, Although Edison had invented the phonograph inhe soon turned his attention to other technologies, especially electric power and lighting, and his machine, which recorded and reproduced sound on a rotating cylinder wrapped in tinfoil, remained an unreliable and cumbersome device.
In the French government awarded Bell the Volta Prize, given for achievement in electrical science.Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was married to Mabel Hubbard. He died on August 2, in Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada. Alexander Graham Bell Biography Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish-American scientist and inventor, referred to as ‘Father of the Telephone’.
This biography of Alexander Bell provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & benjaminpohle.com Of Birth: Edinburgh. Watch video · Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, to August 2, ) was a Scottish-born scientist and inventor best known for inventing the first working telephone in and founding the Bell .
Watch video · Explore the varied career of Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone and pioneer in communications for the deaf, at benjaminpohle.com Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish-born American inventor and scientist.
Bell was born on March 3, , in Edinburgh, benjaminpohle.com Bell and his family emigrated to Canada.A year later Bell moved to the United States, where he taught speech to deaf students.
Alexander Graham Bell could have easily been content with the success of his invention, the telephone. His many laboratory notebooks demonstrate, however, that he was driven by a genuine and rare intellectual curiosity that kept him regularly searching, striving, .