Monday, May 28, Enemy of Monarchy:
In that capacity, he endorsed the executions of four Royalist leaders who had resisted the new regime in The Parliament of — was known as the Rump Parliament, and was plagued by the conflicting views of its members, some of whom favored a purely republican form of government, while others hoped for the restoration of a monarchic power.
Cromwell's primary goal in was to foster unity among his fellows, and he negotiated with the more conservative members by taking a hard line against radical republican groups like the Levellers. In the spring ofthe Levellers became restless, and mutiny broke out among the regiments stationed near Oxford.
In May, he rode out before the Army and promised the soldiers that they would have the new regime's full support, and asked them to stand firm against the Levellers.
The mutiny was put down, and one of its ringleaders shot. In addition to the threats posed by a fractured government, Cromwell feared the possibility of a royalist invasion from Scotland or Ireland.
In order to preempt a royalist uprising, the English decided on sending an expedition into Ireland to crush the possibility of a royalist upsurge in that country, andCromwell was named commander of the expedition. He departed for Ireland with his army in August of that year.
He also desired to exact revenge on the Irish for a massacre of English Protestants that had occurred there in Cromwell's January Declaration to the Irish Catholic Clergy provides a good indicator of the sort of mission Cromwell had in mind: In both battles, Cromwell's forces behaved brutally, slaughtering civilians as well as Irish soldiers.
Cromwell condoned and even encouraged this violence, which he viewed as just punishment for At Wexford, over inhabitants were killed inside the city after resisting the English for nine bloody days.
The siege at Drogheda was equally brutal. The town resisted for eight days before English cannons brought down the steeple of Saint Mary's Catholic Church on September The first attempt through the breach failed, and Cromwell himself joined in the second assault, which was successful.
The English army swept through the town, massacring its citizens. Among those whom Cromwell specifically ordered to be killed were the members of Catholic religious orders, priests, monks, and nuns.
Cromwell's victories in Ireland, brought the entire northeast coast of the country back under the rule of the Dublin Parliament, which was united with England against the royalists. On his return to England, Cromwell was hailed as a hero. This situation further bolstered Cromwell's increasing political power.
His warring on foreign soil was not over, however. The young Charles Stuart had arrived in Scotland in Juneand he and his royalist supporters threatened to invade England. In response, Cromwell led another preemptive strike against Charles's Scottish allies.
Cromwell's strategy in Scotland was very different than it had been in Ireland, however. He was much less willing to shed Scottish blood, and attempted to win support among the Scots through written propaganda. Overall, the war in Scotland was much less successful than the one in Ireland had been, partly because Cromwell did not proceed with the same vengeful zeal.
The war dragged on for a year until the Royalists were defeated at Worcester ineffectively ending the struggle for the time being.A brief history of England from the Celts to the Present with a list of its monarchs and archbishops.
In this battle Oliver Cromwell, the Puritan leader, won the name Ironsides.
They championed Parliament against the king and urged toleration for nonconformists. Learn – oliver history with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of – oliver history flashcards on Quizlet.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April – 3 September ) was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic..
Cromwell was born into the middle gentry to a family descended from the sister of King Occupation: Farmer, parliamentarian, military commander. Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, was executed on 30th January – two and half years AFTER his death Early life Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntington, a small town near Cambridge, on 25 April to Robert Cromwell and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Steward.
Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon, England, on April twenty-five, His parents, Robert and Elizabeth Cromwell, were members of the landed gentry as well as Puritans, a sizeable Protestant sect which sought major reforms in the mainstream Church of England.
He has gained his niche in the history of the church by being the most startling example of one who, in the cause of Christ, rises against his ruler and brings about his overthrow. English Protestantism today is influenced by Cromwell's rebellion against the king.